Criminal charges and/or conviction refer to the legal process of accusing a police officer of a crime and determining their guilt through a court of law. This type of police misconduct occurs when a police officer engages in behavior that violates the law, such as theft, assault, or misconduct in office. If a police officer is charged with a crime, they may face a criminal trial, during which the prosecution presents evidence to prove their guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. If the officer is convicted, they may face punishment, such as imprisonment, fines, or loss of their law enforcement certification. Criminal charges and convictions can also have serious consequences for the police department and the criminal justice system, as they can erode trust in law enforcement and undermine the credibility of the justice system as a whole.